Center for Animal Health and Food Safety has partnered with the University of Minnesota Swine Group and the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) to develop and implement a system for near real time global surveillance of swine diseases.
Current monthly report
December 5, 2023 – January 1, 2024
2023 summary: highlights of events across the six continents (Asia, Africa, Europe, Oceania, North America, and South America) - over 780,000 pigs directly affected by the outbreaks of seven diseases (ASF, PRV, JEV, FMD, CSF, PED, Nipah).
FMD in depth: an overview of the disease dynamic throughout the year - outbreaks reported in 30 countries in 2023.
Russia resumes pork exports to China: The country is set to resume pork exports to China after a 15-year break, following the lifting of a ban imposed by Beijing due to an African swine fever outbreak in 2008.
Surveillance at Points of Entry
ASF in Taiwan: A new type of ASF was detected at the border for the first time. This new strain - recombinants of genotype I and II ASFVs - was first confirmed in 2022 and has been found in various regions of China, including Jiangsu, Henan, and Inner Mongolia.
About the swine disease surveillance project
The US pork industry remains vulnerable to the introduction of a variety of foreign animal and production diseases. The Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) recognized the importance of developing systems to provide international situational awareness in near-real time for these pathogens, and funded a near real-time swine disease global surveillance project to collect and disseminate this information.
The project has tracked the expansion of African swine fever (ASF) through Asia and Europe, and a new “Focus on…” section raises awareness about specific international swine disease risks. Launched in December 2017, more than 50 reports have contributed valuable data to industry stakeholders as diseases such as ASF, classical swine fever (CSF), and foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) have impacted other countries.
To create the reports, the team at the University of Minnesota has developed a private-public-academic partnership to support a system for near real-time identification of hazards that will contribute to the mission of assessing risks to the industry. Identified hazards are scored using a step-wise procedure of screening, to identify emerging infectious diseases that, potentially, may represent a risk for the US swine industry. A combination of soft and official data is actively and passively collected then organized.